Finale? Or not?


It has been 12 hangouts on 5 topics, me and my colleagues have come together to talk about how we feel and what we benefit from this module in the video below:

I used to have a relatively low presence on the internet. I did not understand why I should create online presence back then, but as I progress through this module, I have learned that having an online presence affects my professional profile. Continue reading “Finale? Or not?”

What’s Your Strategy?

Why do people want to provide materials for free over the internet, and why don’t the others do that? Different views were shared in many discussions on why, what, and who are they doing it for.

“It is for the sake of education” some said, “to generate more revenue” some argued.


Source: The Awkward Agent

Publishers are reluctant to adopt open access modes of publication due to the massive profits that they can gain from subscription models. Wei Jie has suggested a set of compensation method for organizations to pay researchers and authors, which is one possible way to encourage more materials to be produced in future. Is this feasible?

Paywalls have become a major concern among content users of various purposes. Companies expect significant increases in profit margin, by holding online content behind paywalls.

Thumb up down voting buttons
Thumb up down voting buttons

Source: Astrology Circle

Is it wise to implement a paywall?

The NYTimes lost 10% of it’s readers in 2 years, and Times of London lost 4 million unique readers which weighs approximately 62%. This has caused a heavy decline in the value of advertisements. However publications which offers other types of contents reported to have suffered lower losses.

As an individual author, reputation and recognition seem to be the main concerns. Quality of content can be a key factor in the success of an individual author, which drives advertising revenue in the long-run as reputation builds up over time.

Amanda highlighted the importance of community engagement, which open access brings about.  This seems true as I progress and deepen my understanding various topics and arguments from different points of view.


Source: D Young & Co Intellectual Property

Why Open Access?

Apart from educational and research functions, business functions do benefit from open access as well. With the access to leading edge research information, it encourages innovation, helps in stimulating fresh ideas, services and products, and creating new job opportunities.

To conclude:

Paywalls are strategies which organizations implement on their profitability and whether it should be implemented depends very much on the nature of the publish, and the purpose of the publishing.

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Anshul Kapoor, (2014) Paywalls: Pros and Cons

Peter D., (2013) The Rise Of Paywalls

SPARC, (n.d.) Why Open Access?

Stephen Curry, (2012) Science must be liberated from the paywalls of publishers

Stephen Lepitak, (2013) 90% of online content to be held behind paywalls in three years media company survey suggests

Comments on:

Amanda’s post & Wei Jie’s post

Free For All. Good Or Bad?


Source: Pexels

As a student, being able to access materials is crucial to my studies when it comes to doing assignments and gathering further sources of information to aid in my understanding of various topics.

Why allow free access?

Free resources reaches out to a wider range of viewers and readers with faster and broader  dissemination of information. Reaching out to individuals or organizations to re-use or spur better ideas does play an important factor in educating and inspiring them.

The author of an article can increase publicity and reputation along the way as we cite and quote from their work, by reference links from the users of the sources. Research findings have also shown that open accessed articles are cited more than non-open accessed ones. Gunther Eysenbach, (2006)

Content development is another benefit for sharing, whereby better using the available resources can lower costs of development. Besides that, the increase in popularity can bring more viewers in future.

Financial benefits – Generating profits

Colourful Thumbs Up Like

Source: TrinityP3

As traffic to your site increases, advertisers will approach you to post various advertisements on your site. A perfect example of such, is Google, where 96% of its revenue comes from advertising.

Challenges you might face

Copyright issues are seen as a major issue as anyone can lift off the sources and plagiarize without citations. In order to protect the rights of the author, various types of licenses are introduced.


Source: Taylor & Francis Online

In the short-run, authors incur losses due to patents, however, shall popularity increase over time, profits will be generated in the long-run.


Source: Atelier

Given that the initial cost of investment could be high due to the amount of archives, there are risks to be borne.

Quality assurance may also be a considerable issue in terms of relevance, reputation of the author, and quality of the sources. It could be difficult for new authors as reputation comes from recognition of readers through reviews and citations.

The last challenge contributing to the risks, is the sustainability over time. Funds to keep up with increasing number of articles can be worrying as well, as there are many other competitors/alternatives for users to choose from.


By allowing comments and reviews to be written on the websites by users who have previously cited, can be a way to begin building reputation. Another way would be revealing the total number of downloads of the resources.

Securing funds from sponsors can be done upon achieving a level of reputation, and value added services could be offered at different prices.


Providing free resources can be a profitable business if weaknesses and threats can be overcome. Do you agree? What do you think?

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Ahrash N. Bissell, (2009) Permission granted: open licensing for educational resources

Greg McFarlane, (2012) How Does Google Make Its Money?

Gunther Eysenbach, (2006) Citation Advantage of Open Access Articles

J. M. N. Hey; S. Hitchcock; L. Carr; S. Harris; W. Hall, (1997) Citation Linking: Improving Access To Online Journals pp.115-122

Jan Hylen, (2006) Open Educational Resources: Opportunities and Challenges

A guide on by Yaro Satarak

They See What You Post!


Source: Nikki Woods

There are many ways to look at ethics on social media, even on a specific issue, we can look at it from different point of views as well. Wan Chyng’s post has taught me the importance of responsible posting on social media, which contributes to building a reputation or self branding on the internet.


Source: HexJam

Based on a survey, 37% of employers screening job candidates on social networks, look at social media profiles to evaluate the character and personality of the candidates, with a certain number who base hiring decision on that. Jacquelyn Smith, (2013) 34% of employers who scan through social media profiles claimed that undesired contents on a profile were reasons for not hiring a candidate. Therefore we must always be wary of what we post on social media.

Nicole has highlighted on the right methods to lodge a complain on social media, and the effects of using an inappropriate set of words on the complaint. The line between lodging complains and giving negative reputation to a company, has been the factor that makes it an issue on social media.

By posting negative remarks about a company, it also reflects as part of an individual’s character and how well he/she manages a problem faced.

Jobvite’s latest edition of its annual Social Recruiting Survey shows that 93% of employers will review candidates’ social media profiles before making a decision on whether to hire or not, and that more than half have reconsidered a candidate based on the content on his/her profile. Jacob Davidson, (2014)

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Source: HowGeeky

To conclude, these information have been very helpful in my understanding of the importance to practice ethical behavior on social media, and other various sites so as to maintain and upkeep a strong and professional profile. This has hence, set me thinking more in how I should build my profile.

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Jacob Davidson, (2014) The 7 Social Media Mistakes Most Likely to Cost You a Job

Jacquelyn Smith, (2013) How Social Media Can Help (Or Hurt) You In Your Job Search

Comments: Wan Chyng’s post & Nicole’s post

Make Him “Famous”? Think Again

Source: Iran Daily

Social media can be a powerful tool to bring together like-minded individuals, positively and negatively. The question highlighted in my post today will demonstrate the darker side of the internet – Online Shaming.

When we see someone who behaves inappropriately, is it right to point that out? In cases where we are of the less-powered in the place of event, the internet can become an alternative to call out one’s “bad behavior”.


Source: Forbes

In the case of Adria Richards’s tweet with a photo of the men who joked about the tech terms at PyCon, she also blogged about the incident and it was posted to Hacker News, causing one of the men, his job, despite being a father of three and an enthusiast in his job. It has also led to a termination of employment for Richards after DDOS attacks were launched at her then-employer, SendGrid, as a result of the firing of the man. John Koetsier, (2013)

Think Again

Shaming someone on the internet can ring serious consequences. In the case of Isabel Laxamana’s suicide, a tragic led by online shaming by her father as a punishment, has reflected the worst outcome of shaming.

Source: Youtube

The original video was taken off by her father after the incident, but re-uploaded by a friend of hers who had it recorded on his phone. Laxamana committed suicide days after the video was uploaded and was sent to a hospital where she passed away on the following day.

Say NO To Online Shaming

Let’s take a look at a recent case in Singapore of a lady shaming a man on the internet. Retail firm general manager Celine Chia uploaded a photo of a man, along with a post describing her encounter with him on the public transport, Mass Rapid Transport (MRT) train.

Source: Yahoo News Singapore

Claiming that she asked for the priority seat politely, occupied by Mr Syn Kok Meng, an awkward exchange of words followed after his refusing to give up the seat to a mother who was struggling. Ms Chia had then continued to commit body-shaming, targeting Mr Syn’s weight. When interviewed, Mr Syn revealed his heart condition and that he was unwell at the point in time.

Regardless of combining or separating your personal and professional profiles, your personas still trace back to you, and even after apologizing and removal of posts, you can never remove your digital footprints. Someone else may have already taken a copy of what you have posted. As professionals, our online conduct affects the reputation of the organization we work in.


Cammy Harbison, (2015) 13-Year-Old Girl Suicide Death Caused By Public Shaming Video? Internet Blames Isabel Laxamana’s Father For Tragic Bridge Jump

Daljit Singh, (2015) Southeast Asian Affairs 2015 p.328-329

Deanna Zandt, (2013) Why Asking What Adria Richards Could Have Done Differently Is The Wrong Question

Hayley MacMillen, (2015) This 13-Year-Old Girl Committed Suicide After Her Father Publicly Shamed Her On The Internet

John Koetsier, (2013) Breaking: Adria Richards fired by SendGrid for calling out developers on Twitter

Laura Hudson, (2013) Why You Should Think Twice Before Shaming Anyone on Social Media

Lee Min Kok, (2015) MRT commuter slams man for refusing to give up priority seat; man says he was unwell

Teo Kai Xiang, (2015) Should the tired commuter have given up his seat?

Todd Leopold, (2015) The price of public shaming in the Internet age

Profile Authenticity: Dilemma Between One Or Multiple Profiles

Discussions on how we can create our authentic digital profiles have given me more thoughts on what comes with it, what comes after it, and what STAYS for long.

Having read Constance’s views on having multiple online identities to remain professional, it is rational why we should do that. However, Wan Chyng’s views have given me another set of views that has never came across my mind.

separate of combine

It really helps me understand the concept from the two ends of the topic, and having these two views, it sets me thinking. Is it wiser to have multiple or single profile in this case?

Some argue that we should have only one profile which links all sites together (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, Blog, LinkedIn, etc) while others are persistent with using different profiles for separate uses such as professional and personal.

Andy Lopata discussed on his LinkedIn profile reasons for having combined profiles for personal and professional use, and how they interrelate in workplace and life. With positive reasons like strengthening bonds between co-workers and stakeholders, and having friends and family to support our networks, supporting the combination of private and professional profiles.

Source: Andy Lopata’s interview with Toni Newman on Youtube

With the discussion from his personal experiences, he has conducted the interview to find out the perfect mix in how he can combine his personal and professional profiles.

Upon reading through a post on Jayne Cravens’s blog which supports having separate profiles, I understand the rationale behind separating the two, which I had previously agreed upon. However, About Tech has provided me with various strategies along with the good and bad, for and against separate profiles.

Up to this point, I came to realize that there is no perfect solution or definite answer to how we should create an authentic profile, but only different ways we can choose from. I would like to give special thanks once again to Constance’s views and Wan Chyng’s views.

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Comments can be found here: Constance’s & Wan Chyng’s


Andy Lopata, (2014) LinkedIn

Jayne Cravens Blog (2012)

Melanie Pinola on About Tech

Authentic Professional Profile: Self & Brand Image

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What do we understand from what is meant by having a professional profile? We should not neglect the importance of having a professional profile on the internet. It represents us through the impressions we leave on both the internet, and the real us.

As we leave impressions to new people we meet each day, they do not know us as well as our friends, and one way for them to know more, is the internet.

Source: Image International Group’s Youtube video

Jon-Michail mentioned in the video, that our profile reflects everything we put into it, and that people make assumptions of us based on the amount of information they can get of us. Personal branding is about showing how different we are from others, what makes us stand out, and how do we appeal to our audience.


Source: Khalid Shah’s LinkedIn

Professional profile – why do we need it? There are various social media sites which can be a part of your professional profile. LinkedIn is an important platform of such. It is strictly professional which should reveal only your previous working experiences, and previous studied institutions, where people can establish connections with others.

LinkedIn has already become a cost-saving alternative for companies to source for employees to fill in positions. According to a case study by Meredith M. Skeels & Jonathan Grudin (2009), recruiters look out for potential employees through the platform, and that it can also be used to keep track of what previous colleagues are doing currently. It is referred to as an “updated CV” often.

What do we mean by authentic? And why?

The answer is clear. Anyone could come up with a profile that does not resemble his/her in the real world.

Source: Eva Y. Chen’s Youtube video

Eva Y. Chen talked about the distrust that can be formed when the profile/website does not represent the real us. She has also given us a basic guide on creating our profile/website alignment of our online and offline images.

Source: BBC News video posted on news24 channel on Youtube

Michael Weiss has highlighted the various important factors which should be posted to focused on our accomplishments in our previous employment. Readers are less concerned with our life stories, therefore we should avoid inputting unnecessary information.

I would like to remind everyone that we should always try to use the same photos and names on different profiles/sites to show consistency and be compelling at the same time to allow ease in identifying you. The video below exhibits basic guidelines for managing authentic image.

Source: Image International Group’s Youtube video

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Anjali Athavaley, (2007) Wall Street Journal: Job References You Can’t Control

BBC, (2013) Job hunting: How to promote yourself online

Meredith M. Skeels & Jonothan Grudin, (2009) When Social Networks Cross Boundaries: A Case Study of Workplace Use of Facebook and LinkedIn

Peter Cappelli, (2001) Making the Most of On-Line Recruiting pp.139-146